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Ubuntu Desktop Vs Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu Desktop Vs Ubuntu Server

Canonical Ltd.’s Ubuntu, a prominent Linux distribution, comes in two flavors: Ubuntu Desktop and Ubuntu Server. While both versions are based on the same basis, they perform different functions and meet different user needs. In this post, we’ll compare Ubuntu Desktop with Ubuntu Server to help you make an educated selection based on your individual requirements.

Ubuntu Desktop vs Ubuntu Server

Purpose and Use Cases

Ubuntu Desktop

Ubuntu Desktop is intended for usage on personal computers and workstations. It has a graphical user interface (GUI) that allows users to easily browse, install apps, and conduct daily operations. It’s a fantastic solution for folks migrating from other operating systems such as Windows or macOS.

Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu Server, on the other hand, is meant for more sophisticated users who demand a strong operating system to manage servers and applications. It is speed, stability, and security optimized, making it excellent for hosting websites, databases, and other services.

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Installation and User Interface

Ubuntu Desktop

Interface Ubuntu Desktop

Installing Ubuntu Desktop is simple, thanks to an easy-to-use graphical installer that walks users through the process. The user interface is meant to be simple and easy to use, making it suitable for both new and experienced users.

Ubuntu Server

Interface Ubuntu server

Installing Ubuntu Server is a text-based procedure that enables customers to tailor their configuration to particular server needs. Unlike the Desktop version, Ubuntu Server does not offer a graphical user interface by default, instead concentrating on efficiency and resource use.

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Performance and Resource Usage

Both Ubuntu versions are based on the same core, however Ubuntu Server is tuned for improved performance and resource usage. Because servers often operate headless and need less system resources for graphical interfaces, Ubuntu Server can devote more resources to critical services.

Ubuntu System Requirements

The recommended installation requirements for Ubuntu server are somewhat lower than those for Ubuntu Desktop due to its lightweight and minimalistic nature. Here’s a side-by-side comparison of the two.

Ubuntu Server

  • 1 GHz CPU or higher
  • 1GB RAM or more
  • 4.0 GB of hard drive space or higher

Ubuntu Desktop

  • 2 GHz CPU or higher
  • 4 GB RAM or more
  • GPU: VGA capable of 1024×768 screen resolution
  • 25 GB of hard drive space or higher

Software and Package Management

Ubuntu Desktop

Ubuntu Desktop comes packed with a number of useful apps, including as web browsers, productivity tools, and media players. It makes use of the APT package manager, which makes program installation and updates easier through the program Center or the console.

Ubuntu Server

Ubuntu Server provides a minimum installation to minimize the attack surface and resource consumption. It also makes use of APT, which allows administrators to install just the packages required for their intended usage. This simple approach improves server security and speed.

Security Features

Both versions emphasize security, however Ubuntu Server focuses more on this area because to its common server use cases. It contains less unneeded programs by default, limiting possible vulnerabilities. Additionally, Ubuntu Server gets security upgrades on a regular basis to maintain a safe environment for hosting services.

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Remote Accessibility and Management

Ubuntu Server excels in remote administration because it is often operated over SSH (Secure Shell). Administrators may now administer the server from anywhere, increasing flexibility and ease. While Ubuntu Desktop supports SSH, it is mainly focused on local interactions.

Community and Support

The huge and active Ubuntu community benefits both Ubuntu Desktop and Ubuntu Server. Ubuntu Server customers, on the other hand, often get specialist help and tools for managing servers and addressing server-related difficulties.

Updates and Maintenance

Ubuntu Desktop updates desktop programs and system components on a regular basis. Long-term support (LTS) editions of Ubuntu Server get security upgrades and bug fixes for a prolonged period of time, making it an ideal option for reliable server settings.

Cost Considerations

Both Ubuntu variants are open-source and free to use. The cost of each version, however, varies depending on the services and applications you wish to run on them. Consider any possible license fees for third-party software.


In conclusion, the difference between Ubuntu Desktop and Ubuntu Server lies in their respective functions. Ubuntu Desktop is the best option if you require a graphical operating system for desktop or laptop computers. Ubuntu Server, on the other hand, is the best option if you manage servers and need top-notch performance, security, and remote administration features.


Yes, you can install a GUI on Ubuntu Server, but it's recommended to keep the server environment lightweight for optimal performance.

Ubuntu Server LTS versions receive longer support compared to regular Ubuntu Desktop releases.

Yes, you can switch between versions by reinstalling the system, but make sure to back up your data and configurations before proceeding.

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