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Introduction of Linux operating system

Introduction Of LinuxOperating System

Linux is an operating system available for free download and uses by the general public. It is used for personal computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices, and embedded devices. Linux is one of the operating systems with the most widespread support since it is available on nearly all major computer platforms. These platforms include x86, ARM, and SPARC. The Linux operating system is available in several different versions; each covers managing hardware resources, launching and handling applications, and providing some user interface. Linux has been used in various contexts, including as a platform for web servers, the management of computer networks, particular computing activities, the operation of databases, endpoint computing, and the operation of mobile devices with operating system versions such as Android.

Linux is constructed from several parts, such as the kernel, the user space of the system, and various programs. The Linux kernel is the fundamental part of the Linux operating system responsible for resource management and facilitating communication with the computer’s hardware. Memory, process, and file management are all under the Linux kernel’s purview. Because Linux is open-source, experienced programmers and novices can contribute to the kernel. The system user space is the administrative layer that handles duties related to the setup and installation of software. The command lines, daemons, and other processes that operate in the background and the desktop environment are all included in this layer. Desktop programs, programming languages, and commercial tools designed for many users are all examples of Linux applications. Together, all of the Linux operating system’s components deliver an excellent user experience, which is one of the primary reasons why Linux OS is one of the world’s most widely used operating systems.

The Operation of the Operating System Using Linux and Its Benefits

The hardware, the Linux kernel, and the user processes are the three primary tiers that make up the Linux operating system. Memory is one or more central processing units (CPUs) that are used to do the calculation and to read and write memory, and devices such as disks and network interfaces are the components that make up the hardware. Memory is also used to store data. The Linux kernel is the central component of the Linux operating system. It is responsible for providing instructions to the central processing unit (CPU), managing the hardware, and serving as the primary interface between the hardware and any currently active program. In addition, the kernel is responsible for managing tasks in the following four general system areas: processes, memory, device drivers, and system calls and support. This indicates that the Linux kernel is responsible for keeping track of all memory, deciding which programs are permitted to utilize the CPU, and acting as an interface between the hardware and the processes.

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Linux operating system Kernel

The kernel also manages the hardware, and communication between the kernel and the processes is accomplished through system calls. These processes are the running programs managed by the kernel, and they constitute the upper level of the Linux operating system, which is termed user space. The process is referred to as the user process and operates in user mode. The term “user space” is used to describe the portions of the main memory that the user process can access; if a user process crashes, the Linux kernel will typically correct the error. The Linux kernel supports the conventional idea of a user of a Unix system. N/A User is an entity that possesses the capability to process files and can own copies of those data. A username is connected to a user in the following ways: On the other hand, Linux does not maintain user names; rather, it identifies users by user IDs, which are simple numeric identifiers.

There are users because rights and boundaries need to be supported; each user space has a user owner, and processes run as the owner. Users can end their own processes or change how those processes behave, but they cannot meddle with the processes of other users. The number of individuals who use a Linux system is equivalent to the number of users that make up the Linux system. There is a specialized group of users on the system known as root users. These users have administrative privileges and can end or modify other users’ processes. They can read any file stored on the local system, which threatens the system because errors caused by them are difficult to detect and rectify. Linux is an efficient operating system because all of these components, detailed above, function together cohesively.

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Why is Linux operating system a superior operating system to others?

The Linux operating system has many features that show why it is superior to other operating systems. Other operating systems, however, might be more advantageous than Linux in specific circumstances. The top benefits of Linux OS are listed below.

Features of the Linux operating system

1-Portable Environment 

On a range of hardware systems, Linux software runs without a hitch. People can use the Linux operating system on any device without worrying about compatibility. On both expensive and inexpensive hardware, it functions in the same way.

2-Free and Open Source

Anyone is free to use and modify its source code. A large number of developers collaborate within organizations with the goal of enhancing and bettering Linux, and a large number of developers consistently release new versions of the Linux operating system.

3- Shell/ Command-line Interface

Users can issue commands to the Linux operating system using key programs included in the system, ensuring that the design is executed flawlessly. In order to run the applications efficiently, you can also tell it to execute different Linux commands.

4-End-to-end encryption

Authentication can assist you in protecting your data. The Linux Operating System requires you to enter a password to access important files. Furthermore, users can encrypt their data under the Linux system.

5-Best for Developers

It is compatible with today’s most popular programming languages, such as C/C++, Java, Python, Ruby, and others. Additionally, it offers a wide variety of applications related to the development process. The terminal that comes with Linux is much more popular among software developers than the command prompt that comes with Windows. On a computer running Linux, the package manager assists programmers in gaining a grasp of how things are carried out. Additionally, it supports SSH and comes equipped with features such as bash scripting, which contribute to the accelerated management of servers.

Hardware-based on Linux operating system

The Linux operating system has been in the spotlight since hardware tools like Chromebooks, and Raspberry Pi captured the interest of a particular audience. These Linux-based components set new standards as time passes, thanks to their simplicity in handling common tasks. Purism Librem 5 is one of several recent sophisticated adaptations for Linux. It is a novel approach to mobile phones that only emphasizes privacy. Given the expanded customer base that these hardware solutions have reached, Linux will probably usher in a slew of brand-new hardware products in the years to come.

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Entry into the supercomputer

With 125 petaflops of processing power, Sierra is predicted to be the second-fastest supercomputer running Linux. This sparks much interest in developments in supercomputing, of which Linux is a key component. Supercomputers running Linux are becoming increasingly common, and this trend does not seem to be slowing down in the upcoming year. Given Linux’s adaptability and power, supercomputer operating systems are increasingly choosing Linux as their operating system.

Return of Ubuntu

After witnessing small declines in popularity over the last ten years, Ubuntu has decided to make a major comeback in 2020. It is cutting-edge and provides users with a secure working environment. Ubuntu is one of the most important trends in Linux because it differs from earlier versions in some ways. Some anticipated features include faster Snap applications, a simple connection with Android devices, proportional screen resizing, multitasking changes, and a new installer for streamlining the Ubuntu operating system inside machines. Additionally, it is anticipated that Ubuntu will receive several graphical updates in upcoming releases to improve its aesthetics and functionality.

Cloud-based Computing with Linux operating system

Even though Linux is already well-known for programming and development, its use in the cloud is predicted to increase. 80% of internally developed apps employ cloud computing or are cloud-native, according to Gartner. Because cloud technologies and the Linux operating system are so linked, it is the operating system that businesses use cloud computing the most frequently, and it is anticipated to increase along with the popularity of cloud-based choices. Linux is gaining ground as a platform because cloud computing is almost guaranteed to continue to be the area of growth for the rest of the year.

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Many DevOps engineers and programmers advocate Linux as one of the most powerful operating systems available today, but many beginners are unaware of its features. As a result, after reading this post, we hope they will be aware of Linux’s features and qualities. Most Linux problems can be avoided or fixed with moderate or basic technical knowledge.




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